Archival Documents

Rose Carmack Watson Curtis fonds

Creation Date(s): 1879, 1885, [ca. 1900], 1915, 1960

Physical Description:
2 photographs. - 0.1 cm textual records. -1 book

Bio Sketch / Admin History:
Rose Carmack Watson Curtis was born in 1852 and grew up in Contra Costa County, California. Her brother, George Carmack, was born when she was eight years old. When Rose was fourteen she married thirty-eight year old James Watson who operated a wagon-freighting service for gold mines in the Sierra Nevada. After her father’s death, Rose and James raised George and eventually moved to Tres Pinos Ranch near Hollister, California.

When George left for the gold fields of the North he maintained a correspondence with Rose, who remained in California, taking care of her invalid husband. Later, George’s first wife and child, Kate Carmack and Graphie Grace, left the Klondike and came to live with Rose on the ranch. When George remarried to Marguerite Laimee in 1900, Rose took care of her niece, Graphie.

Rose’s husband passed away on December 7, 1900. Five years later she remarried to Frank Curtis, a hired hand on the ranch she had owned with Watson. The couple sold the ranch in 1920 and moved to Hollister. When George Carmack died in 1922, Rose and Graphie fought a successful four year legal battle with George’s second wife to have Graphie named as one of his heirs. Rose died of pneumonia on March 29, 1938, at the age of eighty-two.

Scope and Content:
This fonds consists of documents in the possession of Rose Carmack Watson Curtis relating to her brother George Carmack and his time in the Klondike as well as the familial relationship between the two siblings. These documents were created between 1879 and 1960.

Documents in this fonds include one letter written by George Carmack with transcription, one photo of Rose Carmack Watson Curtis and one photo of George Carmack, one family bible and one newspaper article with transcription.

Accession Number(s): 2006.32

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